Modern Technology in Nursing Care Homes

With the introduction of innovative and advanced technologies within nursing care, one can expect a remarkable improvement in the quality of care, reduction in costs and enhancement in overall working conditions. However, one must keep in mind that these outcomes could only be attained if new technologies are implemented as intended. Some new technologies such as new infusion pumps, or home dialysis equipment are being introduced for changing the nursing care staff’s everyday routines.

Moreover, different types of technologies supporting distant care like telecare technology are deeply affecting nursing practice. The introduction and adoption of electronic information systems including electronic patient records is a distinct leap forward in the technological world. New technologies are being introduced and embraced in With the introduction of innovative and advanced technologies within nursing care, one can expect a remarkable improvement in the quality of care, reduction in costs and enhancement in overall working conditions. However, one must keep in mind that these outcomes could only be attained if new technologies are implemented as intended. Some new technologies such as new infusion pumps, or home dialysis equipment are being introduced for changing the nursing care staff’s everyday routines. for raising the quality and standards of nursing care, reducing overall health care expenses and finding solutions for workforce-related issues.

Sensors for Keeping Track of Wound Healing

An innovative electrical bandage is about to be launched after thorough research at the well-known University of California. The bandage is supposed to track the extent and rate of healing in a specific wound with the use of sensors for reading the electrical fields, which are emitted by wounds naturally.

As per the findings of the renowned Centre for Information Technology Research, the new device would be making it possible for the nursing staff or the caregivers to examine a wound without actually, uncovering it. Eventually, it is expected that the device would be used by doctors for tracking the extent of healing of internal sutures and surgical sites. The innovative tool would be using a wireless network for sending data to any external processor, regarding the wound.

Incontinence Management in Nursing Homes

About a quarter of labour expenses in nursing care homes are diverted toward the efficient management of incontinence. However, in recent times a medical device company known as Simavita claims that it can demonstrate an effective way of reducing the unpleasantness and cost associated with this specific task. It is believed that the firm has designed a really small electronic sensor, which when properly placed in the incontinence pad of a resident, is able to effectively detect urinary discharge.

Special computer software thereafter, analyses the data. This data is organised in what is referred to as the Live Bladder Chart. Once an individual is admitted to a nursing care home, within 72 hours, this chart could actually, be created. Care staff would be able to use the chart for planning the patient’s future incontinence management.

Cell Phone Cameras for Measuring Vital Signs

The famous Medical College of Georgia has come up with an innovative and advanced device that would be helping nursing care homes someday. The device would be using a video camera for detecting a patient’s risk of stroke or heart attack.

15 Aug 2015

Impact of Technology On The Field of Arts And Entertainment

Nearly everyone enjoys the different types of entertainment, and some people enjoy even more being entertainers. They want to become actors, comedians, dancers, singers. We used to go inside theatres after a hard day’s work to relax and see our favorite plays. But only in the last hundred years have we been able to record sound and pictures and to broadcast them through air. These improvements have brought fun and entertainment to every corner of the world and into most of our homes.

Technology has indeed made it possible for us to see entertainment in a new light. For one, technology has made it also possible for us to store our memories. Actors and singers long dead seem to come to life again every time their films or records are played. We can store a seemingly countless number of these records and films in CDs, hard drives and other storing devices like our computer. This makes it possible for us to entertain ourselves almost anywhere- at home, at the office, at the park, the bus; as long as we bring our devices with us. One can actually live without TV these days as long as one has a computer device and internet connection.

The world of entertainment has grown tremendously, and it can teach us as well as entertain us. Today, broadcasting is the most important form of popular entertainment. But now it is challenged by still newer inventions. Video playback and recording equipments make it possible for home viewers to buy or record their favorite shows. Many classic movies are already available for home viewing. This new equipment may encourage many viewers to spend fewer hours watching network offerings of situation comedies and action dramas. And now, we can record, transfer, and produce our own videos using cellular phones.

At the same time, the internet has revolutionized viewing habits in another way. The internet provides information on a lot of sources for movies, music, and other forms of entertainment. With internet connection, people can bring programs directly into their computer by doing downloads and many of these downloads are offered for free. Not only does it provide entertainment but we can even do some transactions like when you want to buy stun guns online.

The internet offer entertainment on almost all particular interests- music, news, and special information such as stock markets, weather, and social networking. These sources are made available to us faster than ever, as fast as the stun gun effects.  We can update on news even before they get broadcasted on TV through the different websites on the internet.

Never in recorded history have Entertainment and arts been so important in the lives of so many people. Modern inventions such as the internet have put nearly every person within reach of music and drama all day, every day, at home, and away from home. The internet has also made it possible for people not just become viewers but also the performers themselves as they are able to upload their own videos on different sites. The future of entertainment and arts is taking shape through technology and the people themselves.

10 Aug 2015

History of Educational Technology

There is no written evidence which can tell us exactly who has coined the phrase educational technology. Different educationists, scientists and philosophers at different time intervals have put forwarded different definitions of Educational Technology. Educational technology is a multifaceted and integrated process involving people, procedure, ideas, devices, and organization, where technology from different fields of science is borrowed as per the need and requirement of education for implementing, evaluating, and managing solutions to those problems involved in all aspects of human learning.

Educational technology, broadly speaking, has passed through five stages.

The first stage of educational technology is coupled with the use of aids like charts, maps, symbols, models, specimens and concrete materials. The term educational technology was used as synonyms to audio-visual aids.

The second stage of educational technology is associated with the ‘electronic revolution’ with the introduction and establishment of sophisticated hardware and software. Use of various audio-visual aids like projector, magic lanterns, tape-recorder, radio and television brought a revolutionary change in the educational scenario. Accordingly, educational technology concept was taken in terms of these sophisticated instruments and equipments for effective presentation of instructional materials.

The third stage of educational technology is linked with the development of mass media which in turn led to ‘communication revolution’ for instructional purposes. Computer-assisted Instruction (CAI) used for education since 1950s also became popular during this era.

The fourth stage of educational technology is discernible by the individualized process of instruction. The invention of programmed learning and programmed instruction provided a new dimension to educational technology. A system of self-learning based on self-instructional materials and teaching machines emerged.

The latest concept of educational technology is influenced by the concept of system engineering or system approach which focuses on language laboratories, teaching machines, programmed instruction, multimedia technologies and the use of the computer in instruction. According to it, educational technology is a systematic way of designing, carrying out and evaluating the total process of teaching and learning in terms of specific objectives based on research.

Educational technology during the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, and the Iron Age
Educational technology, despite the uncertainty of the origin of the term, can be traced back to the time of the three-age system periodization of human prehistory; namely the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, and the Iron Age.

Duringthe Stone Age, ignition of fire by rubbing stones, manufacture of various handmade weapon and utensils from stones and clothing practice were some of the simple technological developments of utmost importance. A fraction of Stone Age people developed ocean-worthy outrigger canoe ship technology to migrate from one place to another across the Ocean, by which they developed their first informal education of knowledge of the ocean currents, weather conditions, sailing practice, astronavigation, and star maps. During the later Stone Age period (Neolithic period),for agricultural practice, polished stone tools were made from a variety of hard rocks largely by digging underground tunnels, which can be considered as the first steps in mining technology. The polished axes were so effective that even after appearance of bronze and iron; people used it for clearing forest and the establishment of crop farming.

Although Stone Age cultures left no written records, but archaeological evidences proved their shift from nomadic life to agricultural settlement. Ancient tools conserved in different museums, cave paintings like Altamira Cave in Spain, and other prehistoric art, such as the Venus of Willendorf, Mother Goddess from Laussel, France etc. are some of the evidences in favour of their cultures.

Neolithic Revolution of Stone Age resulted into the appearance of Bronze Age with development of agriculture, animal domestication, and the adoption of permanent settlements. For these practices Bronze Age people further developed metal smelting, with copper and later bronze, an alloy of tin and copper, being the materials of their choice.

The Iron Age people replaced bronze and developed the knowledge of iron smelting technology to lower the cost of living since iron utensils were stronger and cheaper than bronze equivalents. In many Eurasian cultures, the Iron Age was the last period before the development of written scripts.

Educational technology during the period of Ancient civilizations
According to Paul Saettler, 2004, Educational technology can be traced back to the time when tribal priests systematized bodies of knowledge and ancient cultures invented pictographs or sign writing to record and transmit information. In every stage of human civilization, one can find an instructional technique or set of procedures intended to implement a particular culture which were also supported by number of investigations and evidences. The more advanced the culture, the more complex became the technology of instruction designed to reflect particular ways of individual and social behaviour intended to run an educated society. Over centuries, each significant shift in educational values, goals or objectives led to diverse technologies of instruction.

The greatest advances in technology and engineering came with the rise of the ancient civilizations. These advances stimulated and educated other societies in the world to adopt new ways of living and governance.

The Indus Valley Civilization was an early Bronze Age civilization which was located in the northwestern region of the Indian Subcontinent. The civilization was primarily flourished around the Indus River basin of the Indus and the Punjab region, extending upto the Ghaggar-Hakra River valley and the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, (most of the part is under today’s Pakistan and the western states of modern-day India as well as some part of the civilization extending upto southeastern Afghanistan, and the easternmost part of Balochistan, Iran).

There is a long term controversy to be sure about the language that the Harappan people spoke. It is assumed that their writing was at least seems to be or a pictographic script. The script appears to have had about 400 basic signs, with lots of variations. People write their script with the direction generally from right to left. Most of the writing was found on seals and sealings which were probably used in trade and official & administrative work.

Harappan people had the knowledge of the measuring tools of length, mass, and time. They were the first in the world to develop a system of uniform weights and measures.

In a study carried out by P. N. Rao et al. in 2009, published in Science, computer scientists found that the Indus script’s pattern is closer to that of spoken words, which supported the proposed hypothesis that it codes for an as-yet-unknown language.

According to the Chinese Civilization, some of the major techno-offerings from China include paper, early seismological detectors, toilet paper, matches, iron plough, the multi-tube seed drill, the suspension bridge, the wheelbarrow, the parachute, natural gas as fuel, the magnetic compass, the raised-relief map, the blast furnace, the propeller, the crossbow, the South Pointing Chariot, and gun powder. With the invent of paper they have given their first step towards developments of educational technology by further culturing different handmade products of paper as means of visual aids.

Ancient Egyptian language was at one point one of the longest surviving and used languages in the world. Their script was made up of pictures of the real things like birds, animals, different tools, etc. These pictures are popularly called hieroglyph. Their language was made up of above 500 hieroglyphs which are known as hieroglyphics. On the stone monuments or tombs which were discovered and rescued latter on provides the evidence of existence of many forms of artistic hieroglyphics in ancient Egypt.

Educational technology during Medieval and Modern Period
Paper and the pulp papermaking process which was developed in China during the early 2nd century AD, was carried to the Middle East and was spread to Mediterranean by the Muslim conquests. Evidences support that a paper mill was also established in Sicily in the 12th century. The discovery of spinning wheel increased the productivity of thread making process to a great extent and when Lynn White added the spinning wheel with increasing supply of rags, this led to the production of cheap paper, which was a prime factor in the development of printing technology.

The invention of the printing press was taken place in approximately 1450 AD, by Johannes Gutenburg, a German inventor. The invention of printing press was a prime developmental factor in the history of educational technology to convey the instruction as per the need of the complex and advanced-technology cultured society.

In the pre-industrial phases, while industry was simply the handwork at artisan level, the instructional processes were relied heavily upon simple things like the slate, the horn book, the blackboard, and chalk. It was limited to a single text book with a few illustrations. Educational technology was considered synonymous to simple aids like charts and pictures.

The year 1873 may be considered a landmark in the early history of technology of education or audio-visual education. An exhibition was held in Vienna at international level in which an American school won the admiration of the educators for the exhibition of maps, charts, textbooks and other equipments.

Maria Montessori (1870-1952), internationally renowned child educator and the originator of Montessori Method exerted a dynamic impact on educational technology through her development of graded materials designed to provide for the proper sequencing of subject matter for each individual learner. Modern educational technology suggests many extension of Montessori’s idea of prepared child centered environment.

In1833, Charles Babbage’s design of a general purpose computing device laid the foundation of the modern computer and in 1943, the first computing machine as per hi design was constructed by International Business Machines Corporation in USA. The Computer Assisted instruction (CAI) in which the computer functions essentially as a tutor as well as the Talking Type writer was developed by O.K. Moore in 1966. Since 1974, computers are interestingly used in education in schools, colleges and universities.

In the beginning of the 19th century, there were noteworthy changes in the field of education. British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), right from its start of school broadcasts in 1920 had maintained rapid pace in making sound contribution to formal education. In the USA, by 1952, 20 states had the provision for educational broadcasting. Parallel to this time about 98% of the schools in United Kingdom were equipped with radios and there were regular daily programmes.

Sidney L. Pressey, a psychologist of Ohio state university developed a self-teaching machine called ‘Drum Tutor’ in 1920. Professor Skinner, however, in his famous article ‘Science of Learning and art of Teaching’ published in 1945 pleaded for the application of the knowledge derived from behavioral psychology to classroom procedures and suggested automated teaching devices as means of doing so.

Although the first practical use of Regular television broadcasts was in Germany in 1929 and in 1936 the Olympic Games in Berlin were broadcasted through television stations in Berlin, Open circuit television began to be used primarily for broadcasting programmes for entertainment in 1950. Since 1960, television is used for educational purposes.

In 1950, Brynmor, in England, used educational technological steps for the first time. It is to be cared that in 1960, as a result of industrial revolution in America and Russia, other countries also started progressing in the filed of educational technology. In this way, the beginning of educational technology took place in 1960 from America and Russia and now it has reached England, Europe and India.

During the time of around 1950s, new technocracy was turning it attraction to educations when there was a steep shortage of teachers in America and therefore an urgent need of educational technology was felt. Dr. Alvin C. Eurich and a little later his associate, Dr. Alexander J. Stoddard introduced mass production technology in America.

Team teaching had its origin in America in the mid of 1950’s and was first started in the year 1955 at Harvard University as a part of internship plan.

In the year 1956, Benjamin Bloom from USA introduced the taxonomy of educational objectives through his publication, “The Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, The Classification of Educational Goals, Handbook I: Cognitive Domain”.

In 1961, Micro teaching technique was first adopted by Dwight W. Allen and his co-workers at Stanford University in USA.

Electronics is the main technology being developed in the beginning of 21st century. Broadband Internet access became popular and occupied almost all the important offices and educational places and even in common places in developed countries with the advantage of connecting home computers with music libraries and mobile phones.

Today’s classroom is more likely to be a technology lab, a room with rows of students using internet connected or Wi-Fi enabled laptops, palmtops, notepad, or perhaps students are attending a video conferencing or virtual classroom or may have been listening to a podcast or taking in a video lecture. Rapid technological changes in the field of educational have created new ways to teach and to learn. Technological changes also motivated the teachers to access a variety of information on a global scale via the Internet, to enhance their lessons as well as to make them competent professional in their area of concern. At the same time, students can utilize vast resources of the Internet to enrich their learning experience to cope up with changing trend of the society. Now a days students as well teachers are attending seminars, conferences, workshops at national and international level by using the multimedia techno-resources like PowerPoint and even they pursue a variety of important courses of their choice in distance mode via online learning ways. Online learning facility has opened infinite number of doors of opportunities for today’s learner to make their life happier than ever before.

30 Jun 2015

Computer Technology – Is it Good Or Bad?

The 21st century has been the age of so many technological breakthroughs and advances, technologies aimed for one purpose and that is to make the lives of people better by helping them become more efficient in their work. One such technological breakthrough is computer technology.

Computer technology has grown in great proportions starting from a computer with a size that of a room to a small well-designed palm top computer. Computers nowadays have become an indispensable part of the lives of people, especially at work, at companies, businesses, schools, offices and even in homes.

It has made the world smaller, but has it made our world better? It would then lead us to ask whether computer technology is good or bad. Now let us try to look at first some of the bad effects. With the advent of computers and with the internet it has become easy to access pornographic sites, children are more exposed to explicit content; some students would lose focus on their studies as they play computer games. The number of obesity cases has increased and it has been attributed to too much computer activity that led to less physical activity among a number of people.

On the other side of the coin, computers have opened a whole new world of possibilities. It is now easier to gain information on world events; you can even find a job in the internet; you can spread advocacies to a vast number of people all over the world; and most importantly it is now easier to be connected with one another even if you are on the other side of the globe.

Computer technology, just like any other material on earth has been created with a common good in mind. Just like a knife, it has been made to cut and slice food to speed up cooking time for people but it can also be used to kill people, and you cannot ban the use of knives in order to stop killing. And so you can’t blame computers for the problems it may have caused for it is the people who use them who caused the problem. It has disadvantages and advantages that must be taken into consideration.

But the problem is not computer technology itself; the problem resides on the people who use it. Computer technology is generally good for it can bring in a lot of good if it is used properly, but can do great harm if used unwisely.

People have choices on how they make use of earth’s resources, and that choice will determine how certain materials will affect people, be it good or bad.

27 Jun 2015

Technology and Catering Business

Technology has become part of our daily lives, and there is probably no aspect in human life which is left untouched by Internet. Technology also plays a positive role in managing a business, particularly food business. If you are into catering, you may probably want to save yourself some hassles in managing your files, stocks and inventory system by acquiring a catering business software.

This software can help you in many ways you never thought possible. Many caterers use the Point-of-Sale system to help them track the sales and purchases that the business had made. It can generate report for easy reference; you can get daily, weekly, monthly and yearly report to see the progress of your catering business.

In this catering business software, you can do bookkeeping with so much ease. You do not have to be an Accountant to know how to run it. Bookkeeping is very vital for all businesses. When you put up the business, your aim was to get the return of investment (ROI) in the shortest possible time. The POS system can keep track of all the incoming sales and outgoing expenses. It can also help the caterers to know other hidden costs involved in the business which is often neglected by the owners when it comes to computation of the profit-and-loss.

Aside from the accounting and inventory software, caterers may also need events management software. This will keep track of all the upcoming events wherein your catering business was hired to serve. This is a database management software where you can input all your clients information and special requests or notes for the events. This will save you from collecting all those calling cards inside your wallet. All you need to do is to input necessary information about your clients and your possible customers too.

Being organized in all your business transaction would make your life easier as a business entrepreneur. It will be easier for you to know whether your business is doing good or not. You can also see what areas you can improve on with regards to handling expenses and purchases. There will be lesser grey areas in terms of accounting because you have all the necessary details you need.

These are the only aspects wherein you can rely on technology in terms of handling your business. The rest of business management would require personalize touch, most especially when it comes to customer service. Your employees are important part of your catering business too. They are the ones who interact with your clients and they create the image of your business too.

25 Jun 2015

Fiber Optics Technology Is The Future Of Communications

The use of fiber optics in 21st century communication has radically altered the landscape for transmitting data and information from one location to another. By definition, this technology is a means of communicating information using pulses of light that are sent through an optical cable. These light particles become a kind of electromagnetic carrier wave that are configured to carry various types of signals, such as those we use in telephones, the Internet, and cable television.

Early History

Although this approach was first developed and used commercially in the latter part of the 20th century, the concept of applying fiber optics as a method of transmission goes back to the late 19th century. It was the father of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, who invented a device, and he named the Photophone in 1880. This invention would permit sound to be transmitted, or carried, on a beam of light. Though successfully tested, the technology to securely transport a light beam was lacking and, as a result, the practical use of this development was limited.

Development And Modern Applications

Building on Bell’s earlier work, fiber optics came of age in the late 1970s. Advances in micro-fine glass cables, developments of laser applications that could send light beams over long distances, and a growing demand for better quality and faster speeds caused the rapid evolution of this information transmission process and its increasing use in both public and private sectors.

Today, this methodology is well into its fourth generation. Use of newer technologies, such as optical amplification, has resulted in faster speeds of data transmission that once were thought impossible. In 2006, a single line was able to reach a speed of 14 terabytes per second. A terabyte is 1,000,000,000,000 bytes, which by any measure is an immense quantity of information.

Advantages of Fiber Optics Technology

As these products continue to replace the older copper wire systems that were once a mainstay in telecommunications, several distinct advantages have become readily apparent:

– Increased Bandwidth. A single modern fiber can carry as much as three million voice calls and 90,000 cable television stations.

– No Need For Insulation. Since these wires are not electrical conductors, no added insulation is required for their use.

– Improved Quality of Transmission. With minimal signal degradation, even over long distances, the need for additional equipment, such as repeaters, is significantly reduced resulting in lower costs to service providers and, ultimately, the end user consumers.

– Immunity to Electromagnetic Interference. The signals that are carried through these wires are light and not electromagnetic in nature. As a result, interference from external sources is dramatically minimized.

The Future Of Fiber Optics

Advances in this field of data generation continue to be made almost as fast the transmission speeds themselves. In 2013, an efficient rate of 1.05 petabytes/second (a petabyte is equal to 1024 terabytes or one million gigabytes). Some researchers have reached transmission speeds of 99.7 the speed of light, using new cutting-edge cable materials.

As the demand for faster speeds, larger data packets, and more reliable systems continues to grow, these new communication applications will also be enhanced by new scientific developments to meet the needs of the 21st century and beyond.

20 Jun 2015

The Impact Of Technology To Different Industries

Nowadays, the development of various innovations in town brings about a lot of changes in the industry. These auspicious devices deliver excellent services to new generation customers by answering their needs for greater convenience. On top of it all, with the use of technologies, several industries have increased their income, sales and revenues in a thousand folds.

Although new software and devices are entirely costly, however with its advantages and great returns, they are sure worth investing for. Here are some of the advantages of innovations to different industries.

1. BPO (Business Process Outsourcing). There are a lot of call centers in the world. It is a fact that all of them are dependent to technologies and software whether international or local. Latest transcription software and digital dictation for instance, help several companies to get snap feedbacks from their customers around the globe. With their inputs, they supply new ideas to several companies to develop their services for greater patronage. Since customers are the greatest assets in the business, with their feedbacks, companies will adjust their operations to meet the ongoing needs of their subscribers. The more they try to improve their products and services, the more they accumulate thousands of subscribers and buyers worldwide. With the successful results, new opportunities for employment will also be opened.

2. Healthcare industry. Many hospitals now are using the latest devices that can help them extend their services to their patients more effectively. All doctors and nurses are using innovation to extend more lives and treat several forms of illnesses. In an instance, in order to have better reports regarding patients’ prognosis, nurses and doctors are using modernized software to communicate better with their other healthcare members so they can provide the best possible treatment for their clients.

3. Agriculture. With the use of the latest machineries in town, several farmers have increased their harvest in a year. It is estimated that more than 40 percent of their growth per year come from the results of their investment through innovations. Aside from that, with their advantages, most farmers save more time and effort especially during their business operations.

4. Marketing industry. By the use of internet and other forms of media coverage, most companies increase their sales. With the online benefits of payments and orders, several customers have been given extra convenience to maximize their time. Unlike before, when we want to purchase different items, we have to visit several stores to buy all we need. But now, with just a click, we can go shopping right in front of our own home.

With the advent of innovations, all industries have been equally benefitted. With their aim to solidify their corporate goals and objectives, it’s not anymore a question why most entities invest for new devices and software.

20 Jun 2015

Technology and Brain Injury – Friends or Foes?

When an individual suffers a brain injury, there is often a mad rush by family members to find every possible way to help in the recovery process. Technology is such a huge part of life these days that there are many people that see technology as the wave of the future for treating brain injury deficits – and many therapists would agree with them.

According to, there are over 500 new apps launched each day across the world. With each new app there is a possibility for living differently and learning something new. In the world of rehabilitation, new apps mean new ways for therapists to reach farther into the world of technology to find different ways to help patients that have suffered a brain injury.

When looking for apps that could help with brain injury recovery, it is important to remember a few key points:

  1. What is the goal of the app?
  2. How hard is the app to learn?
  3. Is there a cost for use?
  4. Are there different skill levels?

It is important to think about what a patient needs when looking for a specific app to help with brain injury recovery. For example, if a patient needs to learn to read, then an app with lots of directions would not be a good choice. Finding an app with simple directions, such as a focus on filling in words or completing sentences, would be a good choice. There are many apps for adults that will also assist with the process of learning to read, which may work well for individuals relearning those skills after a stroke or brain injury.

Apps that have complicated directions or steps to start the program are typically not good for someone attempting to work on cognitive skills. An app with two or three short descriptions for directions, or individual step by step directions that can be seen when using the app, may work best.

There are thousands of free apps available for the different types of smartphones and tablets. With free apps, there ay still be in app charges that exist beyond just the free portion of the download. It is important to read the details of the app prior to purchase to ensure that it does not need a lot of money to play and participate.

The goal of an app when used as a therapeutic tool is to help someone improve function in a specific area. Some apps offer levels of difficulty, so that when one area or level has been reached, there is a next step to continue learning a task or practice a skills. This leveled learning is helpful when a patient wants to learn only one or two games, instead of having to get multiple apps to find harder and harder tasks to complete.

With any app purchase it is important to try them out – a free app is always a good choice, and is a way to find interesting and fun ways to work on therapeutic goals without getting bored. Try different games, even if they do not feel interesting, as you may be surprised by what you can learn, and how much even simple games can improve skills that have been disrupted by a brain injury.

20 Jun 2015

Benefits of Technology in Graphic Art and Designing

How interesting it is that being a graphic designer you can give a visual aspect to your imagination. For being a good designer, artists need to have good knowledge of visual arts, text font and types, colors, objects, theme of the design, etc. And when the technology is doing well for all, why graphic designers remain away from its benefits? Graphic art is a domain where the designer has the liberty to express the thousand words without uttering even a single one. It offers a way of visual communication which not only depends on the pretty looks, but also on the representation style and what object is hidden behind the creation of the artwork. In fact, it has given the numerous ways for visual representation of ideas.

The world is changing with the changing technologies and gradually the use of brush and color is being replaced by the computer designing tools although the traditional art has its own essence. There are various advantages has been included with the integration of advance tools and technologies. It has provided a great medium to shape up the thoughts and experience. Now it is responsible for processing the visual data received from the real world or the virtual world. Rather, it can to create those objects and design which can’t be created in the real world. It does not put the limitations on the imaginations of the artist and they can draw anything and everything.

Technology driven graphic designing tools have brought multiple benefits to us and some of the benefits which make the document worthy are discussed below:


You can easily figure out the difference in every design which you’re creating with the help of tools. Unlike the traditional art here the smallest point will be very clear because traditional art puts the limitations as far as precision is concerned. The objects, dimensions, lines, grids, etc. can be put with perfection in the documents.


If the two documents, one is made by the hand and another is designed with the help of graphic designing software are compared the difference is clearly visible. The second document is more clear and impressive and score better to convey the thoughts designer is trying to put forward. The more technologies are transforming, designers are obtaining better results.


The output of the design depends on the execution of imaginations, but creativity is like the oxygen which imbibes the life into it. It completely depends on the imaginative skills of the designers that how unique they can think and in what way they organize and serve them on the white space. Designing tools offer a great range of possibilities which add excellence in the creativity of the artist.

Ability to change the thoughts into things

To create a unique and quality document it is the necessary aspect that you don’t have only thinking ability, but you should be capable of giving it the look and shape. It may be possible that you may think beyond the existing reality but what is the point if you can’t represent it. In fact a true and passionate artist can draw better what can be imagined and software applications to help them to bring their idea live. Technology tools are helping to actuate or change the thoughts into things.


Designing software give the flexibility to create, save and edit any image or media. In fact, you can develop multiple copies of the single document by changing its size, color, feel, etc. You can create a variety of designs with their wide range of tools and to do so, select the portion or object from the picture give it your desired touch. Moreover, they are very productive when you need to create similar kind of objects in various shapes and size.

In the coming next year, technology will continue to empower the abilities of the designers. It’ll help in planning and projecting ideas in the moving or still textual and visual content. They are the platform for them with immense possibilities to share their experience and communicate their ideas with the help of text and images. The technology has simplified and diversified the task of graphic designers, and now they can create digital visual media, save their original work and print it also. Ads in the newspapers or magazines, web pages are the visible examples of their work.

Graphic designers use the designing tools as a medium to convey what they think and experience with the help of text, objects and images with the motive to indulge the viewer in some kind of action. These tools are not only for commercial purpose rather they are the assistive hands for the artwork of the designers which help them to convey their emotions, represent their feeling, and presents the thought process of them.

15 Jun 2015

The History of Surgical Technology

Surgical technologists are not as well known as other healthcare professionals such as doctors and nurses, yet they play the all important role of assisting surgeons during surgical procedures.

Surgical technology is a recent profession that resulted from the need for trained medical personnel after the succession of wars that plagued the world in the last century severely decimated their numbers. Many nurses and doctors were called to serve during theses wars to attend to medical needs of the soldiers on the battlefront, and those wounded and confined in medical camps and hospitals as well.

Surgical technology rose from the ashes of the succession of world wars participated in by the United States: World War I (1914-1918), World War II (1939-1945), the Korean War (1950-1953), and the Vietnam War (1945-1975). During World War I, Army medics were conscripted and trained to give emergency services. Nurses were not allowed to serve on the battlefield but were confined to medical stations. The Army medic’s counterpart in the Navy was the medical corpsman since women were not allowed aboard combat ships at that time.

Thus the role of operating room technicians, or ORTs, was thus created. ORTs took the place of female nurses in the battlefield. They received training through an accelerated nursing program that emphasized on operating room technology and received on-the-job training in the surgery department. Their studies included sterilization of instruments, care of operating room patients, suturing, draping and instrumentation. They likewise received Emergency Room training.

After the Korean War, the shortage of nurses to work in operating rooms in the United States led to the hiring of ex-medics and ex-corpsmen to work in civilian hospitals. These ex-military men performed. Over time, this arrangement led to the evolution of the title of ‘operating room technician’ to ‘surgical technologist’.

Improvements in surgical technology that started in the late ’60s led to the formalization of the role of surgical technologists in the ’70s. More and more institutions began designing and developing surgical technology programs. In 1968, the Association of Operating Room Technicians was created. This was composed of two committees: the Joint Committee on Education, and the Liaison Council on Certification for the Surgical Technologist. Successful examinees to the first certification test that was given in 1970 were bestowed the title of Certified Operating Room Technician (CORT or OR Tech). In 1973, the Association of Operating Room Technicians changed their name to the Association of Surgical Technologists (AST), now an independent body. They changed the title Certified Operating Room Technician to Surgical Technologist, thus creating a new name. Since 1973, the AST has been diligently working to promote excellence in the surgical technology profession.

In 1974, an accreditation body was created to ensure quality education for the surgical technician. The Accreditation Review Committee for Surgical Technology and Surgical Assisting imposed as an entry level to surgical technology education a two-year associate’s degree. Today, aspiring surgical technologists are required to take the national certification examination designed by the National Board of Surgical Technologists and Surgical Assistants (NBSTSA) in order to qualify as Certified Surgical Technologists, or CSTs. This certification is renewable by reexamination.

11 Jun 2015